California Expands Family and Medical Leave Under the CFRA
Effective Jan. 1, 2021, amendments to the California Family Rights Act (CFRA) expand the law’s leave requirements to cover employers with at least five employees, provide new grounds for leave and remove leave limits.
Explaining the CFRA
The CFRA provides 12 weeks of unpaid, job-protected leave to otherwise eligible employees to bond with a new child or to care for themselves, a child, a parent or a spouse. The law currently applies to government employers and employers with 50 or more employees (20 for child bonding) within 75 miles of the worksite where the employee requesting the leave is employed.
When parents of a child work for the same employer, they are limited to a combined amount of 12 weeks of child-related leave. In addition, in some cases, employers may deny job reinstatement to high-paid employees.
In a major change, the amendments increase which employers are covered under the CFRA by:
- Applying the law to employers with five or more employees; and
- Eliminating the 75-mile requirement.
The amendments also change the law to allow employee leave to care for grandparents, grandchildren, siblings, and domestic partners and their children, and for exigencies related to a family member’s active military duty. Parents who work for the same employer will now each be allowed to take 12 weeks of child-related leave.
Finally, the amendments eliminate the job reinstatement exemption for salaried employees in the highest-paid 10% of the employer’s employees.
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