Penalties for the COVID-19 Vaccination and Testing ETS

Last Updated on June 10, 2022 by G. T. HR

We know about the OSHA ETS, but what are the penalties?

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) COVID-19 vaccination and testing emergency temporary standard (ETS) prescribes specific measures employers covered by this standard must implement.

This specificity will make it easier for OSHA to determine whether an employer has intentionally disregarded its obligations or exhibited a plain indifference to employee safety or health. In such instances, OSHA can classify the citations as ‘‘willful,’’ allowing it to propose higher penalties with increased deterrent effects.

OSHA Egregious Violation Policy

In addition, OSHA has adopted its ‘‘egregious violation’’ policy to impose sufficiently large penalties to act as deterrents against bad-actor employers that willfully disregard their obligation to protect their employees when certain aggravating circumstances are present. Examples of willful disregard include a large number of injuries or illnesses, bad faith, or an extensive history of noncompliance.

The egregious violation policy utilizes OSHA’s authority to issue a separate penalty for each instance of noncompliance with an OSHA standard. This approach could enable OSHA to penalize employers for each employee lacking the protections afforded to others or for every workstation lacking adequate protection controls.

OSHA ETS Penalties Overview

This table provides an overview of the penalties employers may be required to pay for ETS citations, subject to OSHA’s discretion.

Type of ViolationPenalty
Posting Requirements
$13,653 per violation
Failure to Abate$13,653 per day beyond the abatement date
Willful or Repeated$136,532 per violation
Please keep in mind that this is a fluid situation. As more information becomes available, we will keep you up to date.

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For more information regarding human resources policies during the COVID-19 crisis or assistance with any other HR need, please contact MyHRConcierge at 1-855-538-6947 ext. 108 or by email at